Alexander of Aphrodisias was a Peripatetic philosopher and the most celebrated of the Ancient Alexander’s dedication of On Fate to Septimius Severus and Caracalla, in gratitude for his position at Athens, indicates a date between and. Alexander of Aphrodisias’ Ethical Problems R. W. Sharples (Tr.): Alexander of Aphrodisias, Ethical Problems. (Ancient Commentators on Aristotle.) Pp. Alexander of Aphrodisias on Fate: Text, Translation, and Commentary. Alexander (ed.) Alexander of Aphrodisias in Ancient Greek and Roman Philosophy.
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But certain indications of critical attacks on his contemporary Galen — CE suggest that he was engaged in controversy with other contemporaries as well.
Alexander of Aphrodisias On Fate, or How Human Beings Escape Determinism
Cyril of AlexandriaAgainst Julian 2. Life and Works 1.
New findings on seven hundred years of the ancient commentatorsLondon: This article has no associated abstract. On the Principles of the Universe is preserved in Arabic translation.
The bulk of this polemical discussion concentrates on the difficulties for the Stoic position by claiming that their concept of fate makes human deliberation superfluous and therefore imports disastrous consequences for human morality and life in general chs.
Part I translation with introduction and commentaryLondon: But if in accordance with fate, unalterably, and if unalterably, it cannot not come to be, and it is impossible for that not to come to be which cannot come to be; and how can we say that that for which it is impossible not to come to be can also not come to be, since it is necessary for that to come to be for which it is impossible not to come to be?
But then he adds a justification to explain why Aristotle acknowledges neither of the two causes in his report on Plato 59,28—60,2: Lynch, Aristotle’s SchoolBerkeley,p. But if this is true, when the next day arrives the proposition that ‘a sea-battle came to be of necessity’ will be true; and if of necessity, not contingently.
The Hellenistic background also explains the fact that Alexander pays special attention to logical and physical distinctions in connection with ethical problems. Nor indeed is walking without a cause, [just] because it does not derive its cause from standing up.
Towey – – Duckworth. Alexander of Aphrodisias – – Cornell University Press.
De fato ad imperatores: He regards universals as inseparable from particulars and as secondary to them, and stresses the unity of matter and form. For causes in the strict sense are followed by what is caused either of necessity, as our opponents think, or for the most part; but causes that are rate in this way rarely become causes of such things.
Alexander (ed.), Alexander of Aphrodisias on Fate: Text, Translation, and Commentary – PhilPapers
Studies on Particular Topics Accattino, P. History of Western Philosophy. See Sosigenes the Peripatetic. The English translations try to make up for these deficiencies by cutting up long periods into shorter sentences. For if fathers are causes of their children, and enquiry after causes should be governed by considerations of affinity, so that the cause of a man is a man, and of a horse a horse, of which of those after them are those who never even married in the first place the causes?
As these writings show, his main contemporary opponents were the Stoics, but aphrodissias is also some evidence of a controversy with Galen. Alexander anticipates criticisms of Hume ‘s “constant conjunctions” as causes.
Alexander of Aphrodisias on Fate: Text, Translation, and Commentary
For it is not the case that, if all things that come to be have causes, therefore all things must necessarily have causes. De FatoXV, If a foundation exists, it is not necessary for a house to come to be, but if a house exists the foundation must necessarily have been laid first; and it is in this way that one must understand that the causes are of necessity in the things that come to aphrodisas by nature too, not that it follows of necessity that the things that are first should be causes of something, but that those that come to be subsequently must of necessity have one of the things preceding them as a cause.
Alexander of Aphrodisias on Stoic Physics: Alexander is not being original here. Noesis Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy Wikipedia.
On the Soul De anima is a treatise on the soul written along the lines suggested by Aristotle in his own Aphrodksias anima. Todd,Two Aristotelian Commentators on the Intellect: Of what the fact that certain leaves are double?