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Mittelgrosse, rundliche oder durch gegenseitigen Druck mehr oder weniger scharfkantig polygonale Körner ohne erkennbare Schichtung, oft mit dreistrahliger. Oryza is a genus of plants in the grass family. It includes the major food crop rice Members of the genus grow as tall, wetland grasses, growing to 1–2 m tall; the. Amylum Maidis, Amylum Manihot, Amylum Marantae, Amylum Oryzae, Amylum Tritici, Anacyclus Pyrethrum, Anatropous ovule ,

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Oryza sativa or commonly known as rice is an erect grass growing about 30 – cm tall, depending on the variety. It has been cultivated since ancient times and remain to be one of the most commonly cultivated food crops in the world.

It is the staple food for all classes, particularly in Southeast Asia. It has two major subspecies – japonica sticky and short-grained and indica non sticky and long-grained. The former is usually cultivated in dry fields and upland areas while the latter is mainly cultivated in the lowland areas and submerged, throughout tropical Asia.

Isolation of amylolytic system of Aspergillus oryzae on DEAE amylum.

The seeds are cooked, either by boiling or steaming. The seed also yields oil which can be used in cooking or as a salad oil. The oil can also be used for soap making or made into amyllum plastic packaging material. Rice also has medicinal uses. It is diuretic and used to treat urinary dysfunctions. Excessive lactation, poor appetite, and indigestion can be treated using oryza seeds. Rhizome, on the other hand, is taken internally as treatment for night sweats, tuberculosis, and chronic pneumonia.

Rice starch is also used in cosmetics, textiles, and laundering starch. Rice straw is used for weaving, paper production, and construction of grain storage structures, ropes, packaging materials, and bags. It is also used as thatching material or as fuel. It is usually either boiled or steamed and can be eaten in a wide variety of both savoury and sweet dishes[ ]. It is an essential accompaniment for curries and Far Eastern dishes, it is used amyluum European dishes amy,um as paella and risotto, whilst it is also used in sweet dishes such as rice pudding[ ].

The grain can also be popped like popcorn to make a breakfast cereal[ ]. An oil is obtained from the seed[ ]. It is used in cooking and as a salad oil[ ].


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Rice is a nutritive, soothing, tonic herb that is diuretic, reduces lactation, improves digestion and controls sweating[ ]. The seeds are taken internally in the treatment of urinary dysfunction[ ].

The seeds, or the germinated seeds, are taken to treat excessive lactation[ ]. The germinated seeds are used to treat poor appetite, indigestion abdominal discomfort and bloating[ ]. The grains are often cooked with herbs to make a medicinal gruel[ ]. The rhizome is taken internally in the treatment of night sweats, especially in cases of tuberculosis and chronic pneumonia[ ].

The rhizomes are harvested at the end of the growing season and dried for use in decoctions[ ]. Other Uses Although grown mainly for food, rice starch it is also used in cosmetics, laundering starch, and textiles[ ]. It is used for soap manufacture and it is made into a plastic packaging material[ ]. Rice straw is used for weaving into hats, shoes etc[46].

Rice straw is also used for making and repairing thatched houses in Bangladesh, Nepal and India. It is used for construction of grain storage structures, ropes, packaging material and bags in India[ ].

It is also used as a fuel in Vietnam[ ]. In China, India, Indonesia and Pakistan rice straw is used in the production of paper[ ]. The grain husks are used as a fuel; as an addition to concrete; for making hardboard; and as an abrasive[ ].

Rice can be grown in the moist tropics and subtropics, succeeding at elevations up to 2, metres. It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 20 – 30? Growth ceases below 10? It prefers a mean annual rainfall in the range 1, – 2,mm, but tolerates 1, – 4,mm[ ].

Requires a wet to inundated soil and a position in full sun[ ]. Prefers a pH in the range 5. Depending upon variety, rice can mature a crop of seed in anything from 60 – days[ ]. There are many named varieties that have been developed to suit a wide diversity of climates and soil types[ ].

These can be grouped into two main forms: Upland – this form does not require submersion by water[46 ]. There are many different cultivars of each form.

Some of these cultivars are starchy and are more suited to use in cakes, soups, pastry, breakfast foods etc[46 ]. Other cultivars have a sweeter, glutinous texture, these are used for special purposes such as sweetmeats[46 ]. Within these divisions, the varieties are further defined by whether they have short, medium or long grains[46 ]. Long grained forms usually have the highest value, though short-grained forms are preferred in many countries[46 ]. Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form.


Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs. Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. This taxon has not yet been assessed. For a list of references used on this page please go here A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page. This is a QR code short for Quick Response which gives fast-track access to our website pages. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone smartphone cameras.

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You will receive a range of benefits including: You can unsubscribe at anytime. Oryza sativa – L.

International Starch: Rice

You can translate the content of this page by selecting a language in the select box. It is amylym to zone UK It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist or wet soil and can grow in water. QR Code What’s this? Some information cannot be used for commercial reasons or be modified but some can. Please view the copyright link for more information. Not known in a truly wild situation. Only known in cultivation.