Anthocleista nobilis. Family Name: LOGANIACEAE. Local Name: Wudifokete/ Bontodee. Uses As Per Literature: A root decoction is commonly taken to treat. Request PDF on ResearchGate | Pharmacological Screening of Anthocleista nobilis Root Bark | Pharmacological activities of the root bark of A. nobilis were. Anthocleista nobilis, Loganiaceae, Root Bark, Secoiri doid, Anthocleistol. The root bark of Anthocleista nobilis is used in Nige ria against liver diseases, malaria .
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Email this to a friend Print Share on facebook Tweet this. Showing 0 of 0 comments. Anthocleista nobilis anthoclwista, portion of bole; 2, portion of branch; 3, part of flowering branch; 4, fruit. Redrawn and adapted by Achmad Satiri Nurhaman.
Anthocleista nobilis tree habit. Anthocleista nobilis young trees. Anthocleista nobilis Aluka – Anthocleista nobilis G. Anthocleista nobilis Anthocleista nobilis G. Anthocleista nobilis From Wikipedia, the free Anthocleista nobilis occurs from Senegal east to antholceista Central African Republic.
It possibly also occurs in Benin, Gabon and Congo. Anthocpeista nobilis is widely used throughout its distribution area as a strong purgative and diuretic. A root decoction is commonly taken to anyhocleista constipation, to regulate menstruation and as an abortifacient. It is used as a wash, bath or vapour bath to treat leprosy, venereal diseases, oedema and scrotal elephantiasis. In Sierra Leone a decoction of the roots with lemon is taken to treat hepatitis. Bark pulp is used as an enema to treat intestinal parasites.
A bark decoction is taken or used as vapour bath to treat fever, anthoclejsta, leprosy, gonorrhoea and dysmenorrhoea. In Senegal, Liberia and Ghana stem bark or powdered young green twigs are applied fresh or as a paste on wounds, abscesses or ulcerous wounds. Twig bark of Anthocleista nobilis and Zanthoxylum gilletii De Wild.
Waterman made into a paste is applied locally to treat rheumatism.
nobiliz In Liberia a bark infusion is given to dogs with diarrhoea. A poultice obtained by grinding young leaves with soil from a fireplace and water is believed to promote closure of the fontanelle in babies.
A decoction of the leaves is taken to treat abdominal pain of uterine origin. The wood is used for general carpentry, small implements and plywood. The spiny logs are used in Liberia to make falling traps for animals. In Ghana potash from the wood is used to make soap. Dried bark and roots are sold in local markets. The timber is of some economic value.
The seed and bark are exported from Ghana to industrial countries. Anthocleista nobilis contains xanthones and secoiridoids such as anthocleistol. The bark contains the quinoline alkaloid brucine and the monoterpene glycoside loganoside loganine.
Brucine is a strychnine derivative. In chemistry, brucine and strychnine are commonly used as agents for chiral resolution. Loganoside anthocelista an important role in the partial synthesis of alkaloids such as quinine, reserpine and strychnine. An alcoholic extract from the root bark has shown a hypoglycaemic effect.
Nobulis and hypoglycaemic activities in the treatment of obese adult diabetics with hypertension have been reported. The bark has antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties. The ethanol extract of the bark showed a relaxant effect on isolated guinea-pig ileum and antihepatotoxic activity in mice.
Accidental poisoning has occurred with the following symptoms: The wood is creamy or yellowish white, somewhat lustrous, light weight and soft but firm, easy to cut and finishing smoothly; it is not resistant to decay.
The grain is straight or irregular, texture moderately coarse. Several Anthocleista species are used for similar medicinal purposes and other West African Anthocleista anthocleidta may be used as substitutes for Anthocleista nobilis.
The dried bark of the different species is very difficult to differentiate when sold in the market. Small to medium-sized tree up to 18 —30 m tall; bole branchless for up to 15 m long, up to 45 —90 cm in diameter; bark smooth, pale grey, inner bark cream-yellow anthocleistq granular; twigs with 2 spines above the leaf axils.
Inflorescence an erect terminal dichasial cyme 12—60 cm long, many-flowered; peduncle and branches creamy or green, anthoocleista at the nodes. Seeds obliquely ovoid-globose, 2—2. Anthocleista comprises 14 species and occurs in tropical Africa, including Comoros and Madagascar.
Anthocleista nobilis | Indigenous Knowledge on Forest Foods & Medicinal Plants in Ghana
Anthocleista nobilis is a lower canopy tree antyocleista tropical rainforest and semi-deciduous forest. It is common in forest clearings, up to m altitude. Anthocleista nobilis is only rarely cultivated. However, in West Africa it is often left standing near houses for medicinal purposes.
The leaves are collected from young trees or by climbing older ones. The bark is obtained by slashing or peeling with a cutlass.
The roots are dug up when the soil is workable. The collected material is dried in the sun and kept in wrappers, or is pounded and made into balls. Anthcoleista, the plant material is powdered when dry. Anthocleista nobilis is a common constituent of disturbed forest in large parts of West Africa and is not threatened by genetic erosion. So far, no attempt has been made to cultivate Anthocleista nobilis for medicinal purposes. Improvement of the productivity of the plant and the development of management systems for its sustainable use are desirable.
More research into the chemical composition and pharmacological activities of the compounds of Anthocleista nobilis seems warranted. Useful plants of Ghana: West African uses of wild and cultivated plants.
Some medicinal anthhocleista plants of Africa nobipis Latin America.
FAO Forestry Paper Systematic implications of the distribution of iridoids antnocleista other chemical compounds in the Loganiaceae and other families of the Asteridae. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Chemotaxonomy and pharmacology of Gentianaceae. Gentianaceae – Systematics and Natural History. Cambridge University Press, United Kingdom. The Loganiaceae of Africa. Acta Botanica Neerlandica Medpharm Scientific, Stuttgart, Germany. Pharmacological screening of Anthocleista nobilis root bark.
International Journal of Pharmacognosy 34 1: Travaux et Documents Anghocleista The useful plants of West Tropical Africa.
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