A broncoscopia intervencionista permite o diagnóstico e o tratamento de Na primeira sessão, foi realizada broncoscopia rígida, permitindo a remoção de uma . Diaz-Jimenez J, Rodriguez A. Broncoscopia rigida. In: Diaz-Jimenez J, Rodriguez A, editors. Neumologia intervencionista. Barcelona: Ediciones Gea; p. Pages AS NOSSAS LEITURAS. DOI: /S(15)X . Open Access. Broncoscopia rígida – complicações num hospital universitário.
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Rigid bronchoscopy is frequently used by otolaryngologists to evaluate the trachea and bronchi in paediatric patients. Bronchoscopes are introduced through vocal cords under direct vision laryngoscopy 1. Poor glottic exposure leads to multiple intubation attempts with the rigid bronchoscope and, subsequently, may be associated with oxygen desaturation or airway and dental injuries 2.
Teaching and supervising otolaryngology residents to intubate the trachea with a rigid bronchoscope under direct vision laryngoscopy is difficult in broncoscopai patients.
Revista Portuguesa de Cardiologia (English edition)
Low lung vital capacity and high oxygen consumption in broncoacopia children also limits residents’ training time. Furthermore, as airway spaces are narrow, instructors cannot see what the trainees are visualising, cannot recognise the trainee’s problems and have to perform tracheal intubation themselves.
This may delay the learning curve of rigid bronchoscopy in otolaryngology residency programmes. It provides the possibility of obtaining both direct view of the larynx and a camera view displayed on a monitor screen 2 3.
This device not only improves visualisation of the vocal cords, but also allows an operator assistant to follow the intubation process on the monitor, and to help in optimising the glottic view by external laryngeal manipulations 4. The C-MAC videolaryngoscope has already been used as a teaching tool for tracheal intubation in children 3 5 6.
In this report, we describe the use of a C-MAC videolaryngoscope as a device for training and supervising otolaryngology residents to intubate the trachea with a rigid bronchoscope in paediatric patients.
Twenty consecutive patients aged between 3 months and 2 years and scheduled for rigid bronchoscopy under general anaesthesia were included in this case series. Institutional approval and parental informed consent was obtained.
In the operating theatre, all patients had standard monitoring including three-lead electrocardiography, pulse oximetry, non-invasive blood pressure measurement and end-tidal capnography. A second year otolaryngology resident placed the patient’s head in moderate extension and exposed the larynx using a C-MAC videolaryngoscope with an appropriate-sized straight Miller blade. The resident introduced the tip of the rigid bronchoscope into the oral cavity, and gently directed it towards the laryngeal inlet and through the vocal cords.
During the procedure, the resident was following his own manoeuvres on the monitor screen of the videolaryngoscope. Once the rigid bronchoscope was secured in the trachea, the blade of the videolaryngoscope was removed and bronchoscopy was continued following standard procedures.
The resident was supervised by a senior otolaryngologist who continuously observed the exposure of the larynx and manipulation of the rigid bronchoscope on the videolaryngoscope monitor screen and provided instructions as required.
Three otolaryngology residents and one instructor were involved in this pilot study. The rigid bronchoscope was successfully inserted in the trachea without multiple attempts in all patients. The otolaryngology residents and instructors expressed their satisfaction regarding the use of C-MAC videolaryngoscope as learning and teaching tool for intubation of the trachea with a rigid bronchoscope.
In conclusion, this report shows that a C-MAC videolaryngoscope is an effective tool for training otolaryngology residents to intubate the trachea with a rigid bronchoscope in paediatric patients.
It optimises visualisation of the vocal cord by the resident, facilitates manipulation of the bronchoscope and reduces the risk of dental or soft tissue injury. In addition, the videolaryngoscope gives the instructor the opportunity to directly observe the resident’s manoeuvres and to provide advice as needed. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU.
Journal List Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital v. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Fax 00 1 Received Apr 10; Accepted Jun This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives License, which permits for noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any digital medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not altered in any way.
For details, please refer to http: Dear Editor, Rigid bronchoscopy is frequently used by otolaryngologists to evaluate the trachea and bronchi in paediatric patients.
Direct laryngoscopy and rigid bronchoscopy. The C MAC videolaryngoscope: Teaching and supervising tracheal intubation in paediatric patients using videolaryngoscopy.
Videolaryngoscopy for teaching and supervising rigid bronchoscopy in paediatric patients