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The Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA) is a stroke-specific, performance-based following stroke and integrates Brunnstrom’s stages of motor recovery (Gladstone et al. This method of assessment reduces the time required to perform the test. The Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA) is a stroke-specific, performance-based NOTE: *The authors have no direct financial interest in any tools, tests or. program were developed for the total Fugl-Meyer motor and sensory assessments; inter-rater reliability was . CRC; and (3) competency testing in which videotapes were submit- . Brunnstrom, a person recovering from hemiparetic stroke.

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Received Mar 8; Accepted Jun Therefore, a majority of patients get an intermediate score in most items, and remain so for a long time. Kinect is a relatively inexpensive depth-sensing camera and no additional brunnstroom and devices are required.

Fugl-Meyer Assessment of sensorimotor function – Wikipedia

The total possible scale score is We used re-sample techniques and cross-validation to minimize errors from dataset imbalance. Patients were recruited from December to February Categorical variables are presented bbrunnstrom frequencies percentages. A few tools in the virtual environment to testt the motor impairment after stroke have been investigated in several prior studies, but the correlations with conventional assessment tools were modest correlation coefficient: Outpatient rehabilitation among stroke survivors—21 States and the District of Columbia, When pushing the record button and starting an item of Fugl-Meyer assessment, upper extremity skeleton of a subject can be shown in the monitor.

Patients were eligible for inclusion if they had unilateral hemiplegia caused by ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke.


fuvl Before the motion was recorded, the therapist entered subject information including recording arm side and the recording assessment item number into the recoding meyee. The purchase cost continues to decrease and camera performance continues to increase.

The Fugl-Meyer scale has only three levels of assessment for each item. The Kinect depth-sensing camera was operated with a frame-rate of 30Hz and was positioned in front of each subject to track the neyer arm during FMA motions. In this context, there have been efforts to reduce the FMA item; one study suggested reducing the items for UE evaluation to six.

That is usually the journal article where the information was first stated. A zero score is given for the item if the subject cannot do the task.

Fugl-Meyer Assessment of Motor Recovery after Stroke

Administration of the motor, sensation and balance subscores range from 34 to minutes, with a mean administration time of 58 minutes. This quantitative measure can be used for follow-up of changes in movement in a manner that equivalent in quality to robotic devices but less expensive.

Stroke is a leading cause of disabilities worldwide[ 1 ] and hemiplegia is the most common impairment after stroke, [ 2 ] resulting in upper extremity UE dysfunction.

Duration is the length of the clipped data. The movement of the joint center was used for the Jerky motion analysis. XLSX Click here for additional data file. It takes approximately minutes to administer the total FMA.

Overall process of FMA prediction. The recording program includes subjects’ abbreviation, recording arm side, assessment item number.

Abstract Virtual home-based rehabilitation is an emerging area in stroke rehabilitation. Physiopedia is not a substitute for professional advice or expert medical services from a qualified healthcare provider. The degree of jerky motion was also transformed to jerky scores. More and varied movement data of each assessment item would increase the precision of the FMA system score using Kinect.


In our study, the recording of FMA using Kinect was conducted in the hospital with the supervision of a therapist. Authors have also no competing interests relating to employment, consultancy, patents, products in development or modified products along with this patent.

Fugl-Meyer Assessment of sensorimotor function

Coordinated movement is impaired after stroke; motions are not smooth but rather become jerky. FMA using Kinect is a valid way to assess upper extremity function and can provide additional results for movement quality in stroke patients. The FMA requires a mat or bed, a few small objects and several different tools for the assessment of sensation, reflexes, and range of motion:.

Finally, none of the authors have to disclose any additional financial interest regarding this work. Motion data recording program.

Fugl-Meyer Assessment of Motor Recovery after Stroke – Physiopedia

Although two studies using manipulating devices with virtual realities showed modest correlations with conventional assessment tool, additional costs and space are required. However, the collected score data displayed a skewed distribution for some assessments. FMA is valid and is widely used for motor function assessment in stroke patients.