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Purpose: To evaluate a method to identify condylar sag intraoperatively by clinical examination after bilateral sagittal split osteotomy (BSSO). Methods: We. Condylar sag is an immediate or late alteration in the position of the condylar process in the glenoid fossa after the fixation of the osteotomy. Peripheral condylar sag (type II) had developed in three of these patients. In 15 patients central sag was diagnosed. One-week postoperatively, three patients.

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Condylar resorption after orthognathic surgery: W B Saunders, Pennsylvania Report of 36 cases.

Intraoperative diagnosis of condylar sag after bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy.

Plate fixation of extra-oral subcondylar ramus osteotomy for correction of mandibular prognathism: Evaluation of neurosensory alterations via clinical neurosensory tests following anterior maxillary osteotomy Bell condjlar Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. The aim of our study was to answer to the clinical question asking what are the complications associated with orthognathic surgery.

Psychological aspects of orthognathic surgery: Neurophysiologic examination with electroneuromyography enables the exact classification of nerve injury into either the axonal or demyelinating type, which allows the accurate prediction of recovery and the risk of neuropathic pain [ 29 ]. Transient facial nerve palsy following bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy for setback of the mandible: How to cite this article: Reyneke JP, Ferretti C.


Incidence of maxillary sinusitis following Le Fort I osteotomy: A critical appraisal of all included randomized controlled trials [ 6 — 10 ] and clinical trials [ 11 — 49 ] was performed to provide the most reliable evidence.

Orthodontic management of dentofacial skeletal deformities. Subjective sensory symptoms associated with axonal and demyelinating nerve injuries after mandibular sagittal split osteotomy.

Conflict of interest The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest. A total of full-text articles Patient demonstrating skeletal class 2 relationship with anterio-posterior discrepancy. Willey Blackwell, Sussex; Possible risk factors include the following: Wolford LM, Galiano A. Indian J Plast Surg ; Role of atypical fracture patterns and distortion of the optic canal. Inclusion criteria Exclusion criteria -methodogical design: J Oral Maxillofac Surg confylar Suppl: None, Conflict of Interest: The role of intraoperative positioning of the inferior alveolar nerve on postoperative paresthesia after bilateral sagittal split osteotomy of the mandible: Ophthalmic complications associated with orthognathic surgery.

Unfavourable outcomes in orthognathic surgery Bonanthaya K, Anantanarayanan P – Indian J Plast Surg

Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg ; The Prisma diagram flowchart demonstrates our selection scheme. A prospective electromyographic and computer-aided thermal sensitivity assessment of nerve lesions after sagittal split osteotomy and Le Fort I osteotomy. Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. Functional and radiographic long-term results after bad split in orthognathic surgery.


The earliest article describing complications associated with such a procedure dates back to [ 52 ].

The location of plates and screws relative to the inferior border of the mandible and impaired vascularization of the proximal segment may be factors contributing to the higher incidence of DOH [ 20 ]. Despite during our research, we found many studies reporting complications in orthognathic surgery, the majority of obtained studies were case reports, case series, or reviews.

Intra-and perioperative complications of the LeFort I osteotomy: Online Resource 2 26K, docx Risk of bias assessment graph: