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The aim of this article is to draw attention to the work of a conflict analyst whose theory of ‘protracted social conflict’ – developed in a sustained. A Theory of Protracted Social Conflict. Edward E Azar, one of the forefathers of the conflict resolution field was the first to the describe violent events in the. 2 See Edward E. Azar, The Management of Protracted Social Conflict. Theory Theory of Protracted Social Conflict and the Challenge of Transforming Conflict.

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That led the two communities to embark on a hostile and protracted process of separation and segregation. To overcome the dominance of the international economy, the country in question must work to build institutions that can ease global dependency and stimulate domestic economic growth.

Conflict resolution can truly occur and last if satisfactory amelioration of underdevelopment occurs as well. Journal of Peace Research 38 3— Azar states that protracted social conflicts can be characterized by “incompetent, parochial, fragile, and authoritarian governments that fail to satisfy basic human needs.

Protracted social conflict is a technical term in a theory developed by Edward Azar. By bringing animosities to the forefront, it is hoped that the mutual benefits of ending the cknflict can be realized.

Use the lead layout guide to ensure the section follows Wikipedia’s norms and protracte be inclusive of all essential details. All articles with dead external links Articles with dead external links from April Articles with permanently dead external links Wikipedia introduction cleanup from September All pages needing cleanup Articles covered by WikiProject Wikify from September All articles covered by WikiProject Wikify. Such identity-driven rifts are the result of an underlying fear protractedd extinction that often grows within vulnerable ethnic groups who live with the memories or fear of persecution and massacre.

Numerous peace proposals and plans have been made, but more or less unsuccessful. Azar argued that the denial of basic human needs to a large portion of the population initiated instances of protracted social violence. Conflict resolution approaches that focus on resources, or the interests of parties, may be appropriate means of conflict resolution in conflicts where the only issues are those of resource and interests; however, in protracted social conflicts the main issue is identity-based.


Contemporary Conflict Resolution, These cleavages are characterized by continuing hostility with sporadic outbreaks of violence; and caused by the frustration of human needs for security, recognition, and distributive justice.

After parties have articulated their animosities, the next stage is termed the reflexive—reframing stage where protractdd “why” and “who” of the issue is examined. He terms this approach the ARIA model.

The majority of Tamils live in northern and eastern provinces and claim them as their traditional homeland. The needs of the various parties are, in turn, the underlying conlict of the conflict. With government being “endowed with the authority to confoict and use force where necessary to regulate society, to protect citizens, and to provide collective goods,” [8] the government plays a leading role in the satisfaction or lack of satisfaction of minority and identity groups.

Protracted social conflict – Wikipedia

The constitution brought a complex system of power-sharingbut both groups wanted to gain more advantages. The communal groups may experience deep-seated cleavages based upon racial, religious, cultural or ethnic lines. To overcome this division of society, national identity must be stressed over individual group identity. This creates a “crisis of legitimacy” [9] in the governance of these countries. For example, many states are dependent on an external supply of armament. Some features of this site may not work without it.

To alleviate the “underdevelopments” Azar holds responsible for protracted social violence, and in turn overcome the conflict resulting from underdevelopment, Azar points to the needs of security, development, political access and identity in terms of cultural and religious expression.

This in turn emphasizes Azar’s theory that the “deprivation of human needs is the underlying source of protracted social conflict” where conflict is emphasized by the collective grievances of a group of people.

From the protraccted made, it has been found that Rwanda offers ample evidence to be referred to as a edwad social conflict. Conflict process Dispute resolution Sectarian violence. Later voluntary regrouping of population resulted in another 10, Greek Cypriots leaving the northern part, and 40, Turkish Cypriots moving to the north, which created two homogeneous ethnic zones on the island. This precondition also involves the reliance that many people have on their social groups; because governments in areas that experience protracted social conflict are often unable, incapable or unwilling to provide basic human necessities to the population, individuals turn to their social groups for stability.


Protracted social conflict

connflict Groups that seek to satisfy their identity and security needs through conflict are in effect seeking change in the structure of their society. Rothman developed a unique approach of conflict resolution that is specifically designed to mitigate protracted social conflict.

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Metadata Show full item record. The division in changed the demographics of Cyprus dramatically, putting it in a position where federalist model would be the most appropriate. Before the independence of Cyprusthe island’s Greek and Turkish communities coexisted relatively peacefully.

The fdward stage is termed “inventing” and focuses on the “how” of “cooperatively resolving the conflict and its core through integrative solutions. The lead section of edwadr article may need to be rewritten.

Please discuss this issue on the article’s talk page. The term refers to conflict situations characterized by the prolonged and often violent struggle by communal groups for such basic needs as security, recognition, acceptance, fair access to political protractted, and economic participation.

The incidents escalated into a war in Julyafter the island-wide pogrom against Tamils. Since its independence azwr there has been a conflict between Sinhalese, which gained control over the Sri Lankan government, and different Tamil separatist movements. Abstract The complexity of the conflict in Rwanda has called for the application of various theories, suggestions and recommendations to the situation by various scholars and researchers in an attempt for conflict resolution.

This invasion caused an exodus of aboutGreek Cypriots to the south. Identifying the root causes of the Rwanda conflict might provide edwagd baseline for redressing the evils in the country.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.