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The Meaning of Alan García: Sovereignty and Governmentality in Neoliberal Peru1. 3 Alan García, “El síndrome del perro del hortelano”, El Comercio. a los actores de las resistencias locales como «perros», colocados en una pobreza, ingenuidad o ignorancia, y como lo calificó Alan García en el texto que .. El Síndrome del perro del hortelano, Diario El Comercio, 1 Los artículos de Alan García en fueron dos: El síndrome del perro del hortelano, del 28 de octubre (

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The president of Peru celebrated the second anniversary of his second government on 28 July with a speech to the national congress in Lima. This timehe extolled the role of private investment in tackling the country’s social ills. Among openDemocracy’s articles on conflicts and hortdlano in Peru: There is substance as well as symbolism in this personal-political transformation.

He then nationalised a United States-based oil company, Belco, zlan seeking to overturn Peru’s adherence to policies recommended by the International Monetary Fund IMF in favour of a heterodox recipe that privileged the public sector over the private. The decision to nationalise the banks was the high-water mark of this exercise in state-led developmentalism. It all pereo in chaos, as hyperinflation and deep recession took their toll. He only narrowly lost the presidential elections of to Alejandro Horhelano ; and in the next contest inhe managed to beat his main contender Ollanta Humala in the second round.

Indeed, he has gone to the opposite extreme in an attempt to bury all vestiges hortelanoo his earlier preference for a leftwing agenda, much to the chagrin of elements within his own party, the once left-of-centre Alianza Popular Revolucionaria Americana APRA. In economic policy, he has forsaken heterodoxy for a stridently neo-liberal approach that gives primacy to the private sector in the development of the country.

For most of this period, his finance minister has been Luis Carranzaa disciple of the finance and prime minister in Alejandro Toledo’s government and formerly a prominent banker in the United StatesPedro Pablo Kuczynski. Among the main achievements of the period has been the signing of a free-trade agreement FTA with the United States.

The contrast with the more radical trend represented by his Andean neighbours and Venezuela is sharp. He is the author of Peru under Garcia: He is the editor of Making Institutions Work in Peru: Among John Crabtree’s articles in openDemocracy: He outlined his thinking in a newspaper article published in Octoberentitled El Sindrome del Perro del Hortelano. This loosely translates as a “dog in the manger attitude”, and refers to Aesop’s fable about the dog which will not allow the cattle sindrone eat.

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He advocated the liberalisation of restrictive land legislation to encourage investment to tap Peru’s natural potential wealth: Indeed, the sincrome importance of the FTA has probably less to do with trade than the guarantees it offers foreign investors. Peru’s attractions as a destination for investment capital have been highlighted by the number of major mining companies that begun operations ddel the Fujimori government opened the sector for investment in the s.

The country’s untapped mineral potential plus its favourable tax regime mean that major companies have seen it as a highly attractive propositionparticularly in the context of high prices for key commodity exports such as gold, copper, silver and zinc.

Among the latest to join the rush are Chinese gaarcia keen to assure deel of secure supplies. The Peruvian economy has boomed in recent years, horelano thanks to investment and high mineral prices. Exports have reached their highest level ever, as have net international reserves at the central bank.

The government, aided by rising demand and rising taxation income, has sufficient cash to pay for social programmes as well as provide new capital expenditure for items like road-building. The impact of growth is much more noticeable in the cities of the coast – particularly Lima with sidnrome current construction bonanza – than in the highlands or perfo Amazon region.

Meanwhile, even where social spending is in the ascendant, the mechanisms to ensure that it reaches the poorest sectors of society are woefully deficient. Peru has long been a highly centralised country whose central governments in Lima have never made it a priority to build local administration; this is even more true of the finance ministry that holds the purse-strings.

In addition, corruption abounds at the local level: The current opinion polls suggest that only around a quarter of the population think he is doing a good job. There are also ongoing conflicts in many parts of the country involving peasant communities locking horns with mining companies over access to land and the contamination of water. In the absence of strong, legitimate local intermediation, such conflicts frequently turn violent.


The parties of the left, once important political actors, are today but shadows of their former selves. The political momentum behind the candidacy of Ollanta Humala who won more votes than Garcia in the first round of voting in has been largely dissipated.

el sindrome del perro del hortelano alan garcia pdf

Meanwhile, the social movements that animate dissent at the local level remain atomised at the margins of the political system. In his speech to congress he recognised the current dissatisfaction of a large proportion of the population, particularly women who see prices in the markets rising faster than family incomes.

So far, however, his government has done relatively little for those Peruvians at the bottom of the pile, most of whom voted in for Ollanta Humala. So long as Garcia’s opponents remain fragmented and unable to articulate a clear set of alternatives, his government’s lack of popularity will not prove destabilising.

el sindrome del perro del hortelano alan garcia pdf – PDF Files

If, however, a new and viable opposition emerges as the presidential elections approach, Peru’s president may find himself once again – as at the end of his first presidency – in trouble. We encourage anyone to comment, please consult the oD commenting guidelines if you have any questions.

We publish high-quality investigative reporting and analysis; we train and mentor journalists and wider civil society; we publish in Russian, Arabic, Spanish and Portuguese and English. The paradoxes of perroo The Peruvian economy has boomed in recent years, mainly thanks to investment and high mineral prices. View the discussion thread.

A clear step backwards: New firearms regulations and police use of lethal force in Argentina. Armas de fuego y uso de la fuerza letal en Argentina. Sections openDemocracy Free thinking for the world.

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