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Differential diagnosis includes other idiopathic focal childhood epilepsies ( benign childhood occipital epilepsy, Panayiotopoulos type and Gastaut type. Agnosia integrativa causada por una epilepsia focal occipital izquierda: estudio . Las epilepsias idiopáticas occipitales benignas de la infancia se dividen de. El síndrome epiléptico más frecuente fue la epilepsia benigna con puntas .. se observaron en el 2,7% y la epilepsia occipital benigna de comienzo precoz en el 2,2%. . antiepilépticos en el tratamiento de las crisis parciales en la infancia.

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Epilepsia de la infancia con paroxismos occipitales. Directory of Open Access Journals Sweden. Is is reported that epilepsy of childhood with occipital paroxysms is an epileptic syndrome that is well defined. It is included in the group of related idiopathic epilepsies with localization.

Seizures habitually begin with visual symptoms, which are ocassionally followed by hemiclonic, complex partial, and generalized tonicclonic seizures. The interictal EEG shows spike-wave complexes of occipital and temporal posterior localization that are suppressed by eye opening. A patient aged 8 in whom the clinical and electroencephalographic criteria of epilepsy of childhood with occipital paroxysms are present is studied in this paper.

Emphasis is made on the apparently benign evolution of this syndrome. Aim occpiital present paper was to direct the attention to topographic coincidence of electroencephalographic paroxysms with structural lesions by neuroimaging facilitating the future therapeutical strategies design. A descriptive, longitudinal, prospective study was conducted in 44 children.

Comorbilidad del trastorno compulsivo en pacientes con epilepsia. Agnosia integrativa causada por una epilepsia focal occipital izquierda: Este programa es, sin duda alguna, un modelo para otras instituciones epilepsla trabajan con personas con discapacidad.

De 29 pacientes estudiados, 8 masculinos En los grupos de pacientes la media en tiempo para el TMT parte B fue de The aim of present paper was to characterize a group of patients presenting with focal epilepsies by clinical and electroencephalographic features.

Authors made a descriptive and cross-sectional study in children diagnosed with focal epilepsy two or more non-provoked epilepsy crises, aged from one month to 14, admitted in Neurology Department of “William Soler” Children Hospital between December to December Mean age of the first epilepsy crisis was at 5 years.

Entre las epilepsias occipitales se occipitao diferenciar las formas. Los pacientes con zonas localizadas de atrofia requieren estudios funcionales del cerebro para descartar displasias corticales focales.

Current studies of Neuroimaging are a great advance to etiologic and prognostic diagnosis of children epilepsy. The aim of present paper was to describe findings by axial tomography AT and magnetic resonance MR in children with epilepsy of difficult control, and to compare results of both techniques.

The techniques used were: The objective of present paper was to determine the recurrent prognostic factors of focal epileptic crises at 2 years of inffancia and of treatment onset. This prospective, analytical and observational study included children presenting two or more non-provoked epileptic crises, admitted in Neuropediatrics Department of “William Soler” Hospital between December, and December, At a two years follow-up, patients concluded the study. Ley antidiscriminatoria en Colombia.

We describe the situation of people with epilepsy through epulepsia times, from fi fth century B. The anti-discriminatory law project that was approved by the Colombian Parliament is now in the Constitutional Court and propends for the human rights and appropriate medical attention for them.

To establish the prevalence of specific learning disorders SLD in a series of patients with primary generalized epilepsy. A group of 32 children and adolescents intancia 7 to 17 epulepsia with above mentioned diagnosis underwent neuropsychological evaluation with emphasis on academic skills reading, writing.

Diagnostic methods for extra-temporal neocortical focal epilepsies: Full Text Available The progress of epilepsies diagnosis has been great, but, amongst the diagnostic detailing that demand research, one of the most epileepsia is the essential lateralization and localization of epileptogenic zone, considered as the cerebral cortex region, that removed, will result in a free state of seizures. The present study aims to analyze the possible uses of proton spectroscopy for clinical and pre-surgical evaluation of focal extratemporal epilepsies, since this group presents the highest difficulty degree for lateralizing and locating epileptogenic zones.

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In almost all cases, a non invasive diagnosis can be performed using routine electroencephalography, occiital – considered as gold standard, and magnetic resonance imaging. However, when the results of ocdipital exams are contradictory, some patients need invasive techniques, as the intra-cranial video-EEG, using deep electrodes, sub-dural strip and grid, infanciw are associated with increased diagnostic cost and risk of complications, as cerebral hemorrhages and intra-cranial infections.

Proton spectroscopy appears as a possibility, given its capacity to evaluate cerebral metabolism, by N-acetyl-aspartate NAA, creatine Cre and choline Cho concentrations, amongst other metabolites. This non invasive method may provide time reduction of this evaluation and reliable level improvement for this topographical diagnosis. Calidad de vida relacionada con la salud y trabajo en la epilepsia. Tegretol no tratamento da epilepsia.

Os pacientes melhoraram de seus sintomas na grande maioria dos casos, conseguindo adaptar-se melhor no ambiente familiar, profissional e escolar. Medina, a los integrantes de la Liga contra la Epilepsiaque se ve reflejada en ese aspecto biopsicosocial de la persona con epilepsia.

con epilepsia focal: Topics by

Hormonal fluctuation is responsible for worsening of epileptic seizures during the menstrual cycle. To identify irregularities in the menstrual cycles of women with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy MTLE and extratemporal focal epilepsy ETFE and correlate the frequency of seizures during the menstrual cycles.

Calendars were provided for these patients, and they were asked to mark their seizure frequency according to the menses. Calendars were reviewed in each routine medical appointment.

Premenstrual seizure worsening was observed in 46 Menstrual worsening was observed in 47 Catamenial worsening was observed in 58 There was no difference between the group of patients with MTLE and ETFE regarding the frequency of irregular cycles and seizure worsening during the premenstrual, menstrual, catamenial or ovulatory periods.

Identificar irregularidades nos ciclos menstruais de mulheres com epilepsia de lobo temporal mesial ELTM e epilepsia focal extratemporal EFET; e relacionar a frequencia de crises durante o ciclo menstrual. Conclusiones de los autores: Casi todos los encuestados consideraron que los lineamientos y seminarios mejoraron su capacidad para atender a sus pacientes.

Factores de riesgo en epilepsia. Full Text Available e analizaron 1.

Full Text Available Developmental malformations are brain abnormalities that occur during embryogenesis. Neuronal migration disorders, including heterotopic lesions, constitute one type of such abnormalities. The aim of the study was to compare the epileptic clinical patterns of patients with periventricular nodular heterotopia PNH G1 with those affected by subcortical heterotopia SCH G2 looking for differences between both groups which, eventually, might suggest the type of the underlying malformation.

The variables studied in both groups were: The only difference found between both groups was the type of heterotopia as shown by MRI studies. No differences in the clinical features characterizing epilepsy could be found in patients with PNH or SCH, being the images the only tool able to differentiate them.

El objetivo del estudio fue comparar enfermos portadores de HT periventriculares G1 con aquellos portadores de HT subcorticales G2. Full Text Available This study evaluated the sequential motor manual actions in children with benign focal epilepsy of childhood with centrotemporal spikes BECTS and compares the results with matched control group, through the application of Luria’s fist-edge-palm test.

Significant difference occurred between the study and control groups for manual motor action through three equal and three different movements. Children with lower school performance had higher error rate in the imitation of hand gestures.

This study may suggest that the functional changes related to epileptiform activity in rolandic region interfere with the executive function in children with BECTS. A radioterapia profunda em doses elevadas na epilepsia focal: Full Text Available Radiotherapy in high doses has been used in cases of symptomatic epilepsy with the purpose of to act against the focal epileptic activity, as coadjuvancy to the common medical treatment.

Patients with clinical manifestations of epilepsy in whom convulsive foci were demonstrated in the EEG, have been selected; these foci have been recognized as well localized and well circunscribed, and in all them the etiology has been the same atrophic lesions, according to the clinical and radiological craniogram, pneumoencephalogram and arteriogram examinations. The purpose of a so homogenous group was to study the results to be obtained in similar conditions. Twenty patients have been selected from a group of forty-eight, because it was possible to obtain a good follow-up for at least three months in each case.


In all cases, a medical treatment barbiturate plus hidantoi-nate has been used in uniform manner, with the purpose of avoiding influence on the judgement of the value of radiotherapy, for it was impossible to interrupt the drug therapy. Radiotherapy has been used in high doses over the epileptic lesion, which had been localized by the EEG.

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Two different techniques were used; in both kv, 0. Fourteen patients were irradiated in four different areas, of 4 cm. In the other 6 cases the technique of kinetic convergent radiotherapy was employed, using the Siemens apparatus; each patient received, through a cutaneous area, an average doses of 3, r into the focus and 2, r in the skin; they received from r to r in the focus daily. Studying the twenty cases individually, there was marked EEG improvement in 4, relative improvement in 8 and no change in 8; there was marked decrease in the number of seizures in 8, relative decrease in 10 and no change in 2; the mental status was markedly improved in 7.

En 61 crisis con MMFU Statistical model of intensity noise in con infaancia fluorescence microscopy images.

Starting from con focal fluorescence images of uniformly colored LiF samples, an automatic routine for the estimation of photoluminescence intensity noise has epilepsiw developed at the Solid State Benjgna Laboratory and Spectroscopy of the ENEA Research Center in Frascati.

We reported experimental results about application of that routine to the photoluminescence of LiF thin films, uniformly irradiated with an X-ray tube with energy spectrum centered on the Cu K? Es conocido que las terapias anticonvulsivantes pueden disminuir la efectividad de los anticonceptivos hormonales.

In this paper we review the current information regarding the use of new antiepileptic drugs AEDs used as monotherapy in children. We specifically include the following AEDs: All of these AEDs have a broad spectrum of action in the treatment of partial and generalized seizures, except Oxcarbazepine, which is effective only in partial seizures.

More studies are needed to answer these questions. Describimos en un paciente, un episodio de bostezos y crisis parcial compleja mientras dormitaba. A epilepsia nos tumores cerebrais.

Orphanet: Epilepsia familiar benigna de la infancia con puntas rol ndicas

Rasmussen’s encephalitis presenting as focal cortical dysplasia. Full Text Available Rasmussen’s encephalitis is a rare syndrome characterized by intractable seizures, often associated with epilepsia partialis continua and symptoms of progressive hemispheric dysfunction. Seizures are usually the hallmark of presentation, but antiepileptic drug treatment fails in most patients and is ineffective against epilepsia partialis continua, which often requires surgical intervention.

Co-occurrence of focal cortical dysplasia has only rarely been described and may have implications regarding pathophysiology and management. We describe a rare case of dual pathology of Rasmussen’s encephalitis presenting as a focal cortical dysplasia FCD and discuss the literature on this topic.

Rasmussen’s encephalitis is a rare syndrome characterized by intractable seizures, often associated with epilepsia partialis continua and symptoms of progressive hemispheric dysfunction.

Dentro del grupo refractario debemos descartar la presencia de una displasia cortical como causa subyacente de las crisis. Las displasias corticales son un tipo de malformaciones del desarrollo co No significant differences were found in connection with their distribution among children under one year old and those between 1 and 3 years old.

Difficulties were observed to epulepsia 28 patients according to Epilepsy and Epileptic Syndromes, where as their distribution and characteristics were analyzed. EEG results in relation to the paroxyntic activity are briefly commented and the most observed syndromes are presented.