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The story of the life of Emperor Tewodros II of the Abyssinian Kingdom is one of tragedy and heroism Some claim he was the African reincarnation of Ivan the. Tewodros II’s origins were in the Era of the Princes, but his ambitions were not those of the regional nobility. He sought to reestablish a cohesive Ethiopian state . Emperor Tewodros was born as Kassa Hailu in Quara (Gonder) for Ato Hailu and . Emmett Atitegeb in .. became controversial in Ethiopian history. In order to.

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Unfortunately for Kassa, his parents divorced while he was still a minor and Woizero Atitegeb his mother moved the both of them back to Gondar, soon after they received word of his father’s ethioipan. The new Empress, Tiruwork Wube was a proud and haughty woman, very aware of her illustrious Solomonic ancestry. Britain’s interest in 19th-century Abyssinia was chiefly strategic – to protect ethlopian route to India from the French – and in they had appointed Walter Plowden as Consul to the Ottoman port of Massawa.

Nevertheless, a semblance of order and unity was maintained in northern Ethiopia during the era of the Princes by the powerful rases of the Teewodros Sheik dynasty of Wollo such as Ras Ali the Great and Ras Gugsa who controlled Gondar and the Emperor.

‘Mad king Tewodros’ of Abyssinia – Telegraph

He also established a professional standing army, rather than depending on local atsf to provide soldiers for his expeditions. They did have a son, Dejazmatch Alemayehu Tewodroswhom the Emperor adored and whom he regarded as his heir.

Modern Language Association http: With her passing, Tewodros was unleashed and this came in the form of extremely bloody acts of vengeance, as the beheading etbiopian 7, prisoners of a battle depicts. He was to proceed to the Sudan to make inquiries about the slave trade there.

Tewodros efforts were to modernise his army, and to re-unite and established an independent and sovereign Ethiopia.


Emperor Tewodros II

For instance, after the murder of the English traveller, John Bell, who had become the emperor’s close friend and confidante, the emperor, in revenge, had prisoners beheaded in Debarek. In his last years, however, he became unrestrainedly cruel. You may find it helpful to search within the site to see how similar or related subjects are covered. He crushed the many lords and princes of Wollo and Tigray and brought recalcitrant regions of Begemder and Simien under his direct rule.

In Yohannis had to meet attacks from Egyptian forces on three fronts. This was not only to protect the route to India but also to ensure that the Ottoman Empire continued to act as a buffer against Russia’s plans for expansion into Central Asia. When Tewodros saw this book, he became violently angry, pulled a gun on Stern, and had to be restrained from killing the missionary.

Others believe there is no evidence to back this theory and say it was devised by his enemies to slander his name. From until after World War II, Ethiopia was deprived of its maritime frontier and was forced to accept the presence of an ambitious European power on its borders. These expatriates constructed roads, bridges, and houses and even assisted in the local manufacture of some crude firearms and cannons.

Despite the acquisition of European firearms, in Menelik was compelled to submit to Yohannis and to pay tribute; in return, Yohannis recognized Menelik as negus and gave him a free hand ehhiopian territories to the south of Shewa.

Tewodros asked the British Consul in Ethiopia, Captain Charles Duncan Cameronto carry a letter to Queen Victoria requesting skilled workers to come to teach his subjects how to produce firearms, and other technical skills.

Histogy also established a professional standing army, rather than depending on local lords to provide soldiers for his expeditions. When suspicion turned into anger, the incensed emperor imprisoned the consuls, artisans, and missionaries in his domain at the mountain stronghold of Magdala and retreated there with his meager military following. To fulfil his ambitions, Tewodros contacted a few European countries, specifically Great Britain for support.


Kassa followed this by seizing the whole of Dembiya, and now to powerful to ignore, Empress Menen, wife of Yohannes III offered him to marry Tewabech Ali, her granddaughter. In burning the mountaintop fortress, they also torched the two churches and town.

A puppet Emperor of the Solomonic dynasty was enthroned in Gondar by one nobleman, only to be dethroned and replaced by another member of the Imperial dynasty when a different regional prince was able to seize Gondar and the reins of power. After Kinfu’s death in Kassa himself became a legendary outlaw during that period of Ethiopian regionalism and disregard for centralized authority as he plundered caravans, sacked villages, and collected booty; but unlike most renegades he then redistributed this wealth to peasants.

More-so, as a result of the American Civil Wardeliveries of cotton from the Confederate States of America to the British textile industry were declining making the British increasingly dependent on Egyptian-Sudanese cotton. His was no happy life”. The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Modernization of the Country. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. In time, he amassed a sizable army and began to take back what he believed was his birth right and more.

But an unwillingness to share responsibility and an underestimation of the social consequences of his reforms within the context of midth-century Ethiopia proved his undoing.

In Magdala, Emperor Tewodros II also imprisoned all the various princes and nobles that were constantly battling and vying for power. Menelik would eventually escape from Magdala, and abandon his wife, offending Twodros deeply. Yohannis was unable to attend to the Italian threat because of difficulties to the west in Gonder and Gojam. An Ethiopian Tragedy by Philip Marsden. Tewodros II’s first task was to bring Shewa under his control.