George Nicholas Papanicolaou was born in Kimi on the island of Euboea. It is near the southern town of Karystos known for the ancient physician Diokles of. Even at a young age, George Papanicolaou envisioned himself striving to live his life out on some large, important, but as yet undefined stage. After receiving his. Georgios Nikolaou Papanikolaou was a Greek pioneer in cytopathology and early cancer George Papanikolaou In he moved to Miami, Florida, to develop the Papanicolaou Cancer Research Institute at the University of Miami, but.
|Published (Last):||24 September 2009|
|PDF File Size:||11.97 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||15.19 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
In he received the Ph. During these studies Papanicolaou noted cyclical changes in various vaginal discharges from test animals that Papanicolaou linked papanicilaou the ovarian and uterine cycles.
[George Nicholas Papanicolaou].
The value of this pattern, expressing evolutionary steps in the development of cancer at individual cell levels, was not appreciated. Papanicolaou’s findings were of great benefit to the fledgling field of endocrinology.
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, St. He subsequently served as an assistant surgeon in the military until He was the recipient of numerous awards, including honorary degrees from universities in the US, Italy and Greece. Two laboratories bear his name at Cornell; he authored four books and over articles; he was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine; and, was awarded the United Nations Prize in After working briefly as a salesman in a department store and playing the violin in restaurants, Papanicolaou secured a research position at Cornell Medical College, where he quickly rose to the rank of instructor.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia. Here he married Andromache Mavroyeni who went by the name Mary, the daughter of a high-ranking military officer.
George Nicholas Papanicolaou Artist: In the ‘s, George Papanicolaou began to publish his studies on the structure, function, and transformation of cells as viewed under a microscope georeg branch of biology known as cytology.
After service as a medical officer in the Balkan War ofhe came to New York with Mary for over 50 years Dr Pap’s life companion. Three nations have dedicated postage stamps in his honor, including the U. He worked for one year as a physiologist and then returned to Greece upon the death of his mother.
George Papanicolaou (–): Discoverer of the Pap smear
His capable wife Mary managed both laboratory and household affairs, even functioning as an experimental subject in some of his studies. Papanicolaou and Traut argued that cancerous cervical papaicolaou could be detected by observable and measurable cellular changes while the cells were still in a preinvasive phase. Views Read Edit View history. A medical eponym is thus any word related to medicine, whose name is derived from a person. The nicholaz National Cytology Congress, held inhailed this new diagnostic tool for carcinoma of the cervix as unique because it could detect cancer before it was visible.
George Papanicolaou: Cytopathology, Cancer
For the next two years, he cared for leprosy patients on the outskirts of his hometown. George Nicholas Papanicolaou stamp May 18, The history of the Papanicolaou smear and the odyssey of George and Andromache Papanicolaou. InPapanicolaou told an incredulous audience of physicians about the technique of gathering cellular debris from the lining appanicolaou the vaginal tract and smearing it on a glass slide for microscopic examination as a way to identify cervical cancer.
His studies on human beings, fromwas done to a large degree in collaboration with the gynaecologist Herbert Frederick Traut In he published another memorable work, the Atlas of Exfoliative Cytologythus creating the foundation of the modern medical specialty of cytopathology.
Sign In Article Navigation. The study of gsorge and medicine in Greece goes back as far as the history of medicine and was the home, in the late s, of Nikolas and Maria Papanicolaou a physician on the island gworge Euboea, Greece.
National Center for Biotechnology InformationU.
Sign in via your Institution. Please login to access the full content.
However, this potential medical breakthrough was initially met with scepticism and resistance from the scientific community, and it was not until the early s that large-scale screening using Pap smear began.
Papanicolaou’s next communication on the subject did not appear until when, with gynecologist Herbert Traut, he published a paper on the diagnostic value of vaginal smears in carcinoma of the uterus.