Humberto Maturana (born September 14, ) is a Chilean biologist and philosopher. Many consider him a member of a group of second-wave cyberneticians. Maturana egresó en del Liceo Manuel de Salas, para luego que depende de su historia de interacciones, y cuya innovación. Varelas personal contributions to autopoietic theory franciscos best known contribution to autopoietic theory was his collaboration with humberto maturana from.
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Un genio vagabundo amante de la lógica, el padre incomprendido de la cibernética
Maturana, along with Francisco Varela and Ricardo B. Uribe, is particularly known for creating the term ” autopoiesis ” about the self-generating, self-maintaining structure in living systemsand concepts such as structural determinism and structure coupling.
Overall, his work is concerned with the biology of cognition. After completing secondary school at the Liceo Manuel de Salas inMaturana enrolled at the University mmaturana Chilestudying first medicine then biology.
Inhe obtained a scholarship from the Rockefeller Foundation to study anatomy and neurophysiology at University College London. He obtained a PhD in biology from Harvard University in Maturana’s work has been developed and integrated into the work on Ontological coaching done by Fernando Flores and Julio Olalla. Maturana’s research interest concerns concepts like cognition, autopoiesis, languaging, zero time cybernetics and structural determined systems.
Maturana’s work extends to philosophy and cognitive science and even to family therapy. His inspiration for his work in cognition came while he was a medical student and became seriously ill with tuberculosis.
Confined in a sanatorium with very little to read, he spent time reflecting on his condition and the nature of life. What he came to realize was “that what was peculiar to living systems was that they were discrete autonomous entities such that all the processes that they lived, they lived in reference to themselves Maturana and his student Francisco Varela were the first to define and employ the concept of autopoiesis.
Aside from making important contributions to the field of evolutionMaturana is associated with an epistemology built upon empirical findings of neurobiology. Maturana and Varela wrote in their Santiago Theory of Cognition: This statement is valid for all organisms, with or without a nervous system.
Maturana influenced – and appears in coded form as a character in – the novel Replay by German author Benjamin Stein. Uribe, is particularly known for creating the term “autopoiesis” about the self-generating, self-maintaining structure in living systems, and concepts such as structural determinism and structure coupling. He obtained a PhD in He later obtained a Ph. His thesis, defended in and supervised by Torsten Wiesel, was titled Insect Retinas: Information processing in the compound eye.
After the military coup led by Augusto Pinochet, Varela and Maturana is a surname, and may refer to: The term was introduced in by Chilean biologists Humberto Maturana and Francisco Varela to define the self-maintaining chemistry of living cells.
Since then the concept has been also applied to the fields of cognition, systems theory and sociology. The original definition can be found in Autopoiesis and Cognition: It was in these circumstances This was a word without a histo Systems theory is the interdisciplinary study of systems.
A system is a cohesive conglomeration of interrelated and maturanz parts that is either natural or man-made. Every system is delineated by its spatial and temporal boundaries, surrounded and influenced by its environment, described by its structure and purpose or nature and expressed in its functioning.
In terms of its effects, a system can be more than the sum of its parts if it expresses synergy or emergent behavior. Changing one part of the system usually affects other parts and the whole system, with predictable patterns of behavior. For systems that are self-learning and self-adapting, the positive growth and adaptation depend upon how well the system is adjusted with its environment. Some systems maturaan mainly to support other systems by aiding in the maintenance of the other system to prevent failure.
The goal of systems theory is systematically discovering a system’s dynamics, constraints, conditions and elucidating principles purpose, Humberto is a Portuguese and Spanish masculine given name of Germanic origin.
It may refer to: Systems psychology is a branch of both theoretical psychology and applied psychology that studies human behaviour and experience in complex systems.
It is inspired by systems theory and systems thinking, and based on the theoretical work of Roger Barker, Gregory Bateson, Humberto Maturana and others. Alternative terms here are “systemic psychology”, “systems behavior”, and “systems-based psychology”. Types In the scientific literature, different kinds of systems psychology have been mentioned: Applied systems psychology In the s the term applied systems psychology was being used as a specialism directly related to engineering psychology and human factor.
An SQL select statement and its result. A database is an organized collection of data, generally stored and accessed electronically from a computer system. Where databases are more complex they are often developed using formal design and modeling techniques. The database management system DBMS is the software that interacts with end users, applications, and the database itself to capture and analyze the data. The DBMS software additionally encompasses the core facilities provided to administer the database.
The sum total of the database, the DBMS and the associated applications can be referred to as a “database system”. Often the term “database” is also used to loosely refer to any of the DBMS, the database system or an application associated with the database. Computer scientists may classify database-management systems according to the database models that they support.
Relational databases became dominant in the s. These model data as rows and columns in a series of tables, and the vast majority u Ludwig Bertalanffy describes two types of systems: The open systems are systems that allow interactions between their internal elements and the environment. Equilibrium thermodynamics, for example, is a field of study that applies to closed systems.
The idea of open systems was further developed in systems theory. Social science In social sciences, schematically, if there is an interaction or feedback loop between ideal and material or subjective and objective then the system is an open system, otherwise it is a closed system. A closed system offers a deterministic relationship. Niklas Luhmann ; German: After graduating from the Johanneum school inhe was conscripted as a Luftwaffenhelfer in World War II and served for two years until, at the age of 17, he was taken prisoner of war by American troops in During a sabbatical inhe went to Harvard, where he met and studied under Talcott Parsons, then the world’s most influential social systems theorist.
In later years, Luhmann dismissed Parsons’ theory, developing a rival approach of his own. Biography He studied Biology for three years, time when he developed his attributes as an actor and comedian, and that was even recognized by professors as Humberto Maturana. Two years later, started to participate in comedy shows as De Chincol a Jote, El desjueves — , and Na’ que ver con Chile.
In he played the lead role in the Chilean version of The Office, The ofis. In The Tree of Knowledge Maturana and Varela are seeking to understand what they term autopoiesis, how living things self—produce. Maturana and Varela In this description we find that structure refers to the component parts that comprise something and organizations refers to the way these parts are assembled Tree of Knowledge may refer to: Psychological movements are considered to be post-cognitivist if they are opposed to or move beyond the cognitivist theories posited by Noam Chomsky, Jerry Fodor, David Marr, and others.
Gibson, Humberto Maturana and Francisco Varela. Hubert Dreyfus’ critique of cognitivism Using the principles of Heidegger’s philosophy, Dreyfus has been critical of cognitivism from the beginning. Despite continued resistance bigorafia old-school philosophers of cognition, he felt vindicated by the growth of new approaches. When Dreyfus’ ideas were first introduced in the mids, they were met with ridicule and outright hostility. In sociology, a social system is the patterned network of relationships constituting a coherent whole that exist between individuals, groups, and institutions.
The organization and definition of groups within a social system depend on various shared characteristics such as location, socioeconomic status, race, religion, societal function, or matuarna distinguishable features.
Social systems have been studied for as long as sociology has existed.
Humberto maturana biografia — Поиск по картинкам — [RED]
Talcott Parsons Talcott Parsons was the first to formulate a systematic theory of social systems, which he did as a part of his AGIL paradigm.
He defined a social system as on Enactivism argues that cognition arises through a dynamic interaction between an acting organism and its environment.
Control theory in control systems engineering is a subfield of mathematics that deals with the control of continuously operating dynamical systems in engineered humbertk and machines.
The objective is to develop a control model for controlling such systems using a control action in an optimum manner without delay maturama overshoot and ensuring control stability.
To do this, a controller with the requisite corrective behaviour is required. This controller monitors the controlled process mtaurana PVand compares it biogeafia the reference or set point SP. The difference between actual and desired value of the process variable, called the error signal, or SP-PV error, is applied as feedback to generate a control action to bring the controlled process variable to the same value as the set point.
Other aspects which are also studied are controllability and observability. On this is based the advanced type of automation that revolutionized manufacturing, aircraft, communications and other industries. Huumberto Lorenz attractor arises in matufana study of the Lorenz Oscillator, a dynamical system. In mathematics, a dynamical system is a system in which a function describes the time dependence of a point in a geometrical space.
Examples include the mathematical models that describe the swinging of a clock pendulum, the flow of water in a pipe, and the number biografka fish each springtime in a lake. At any given time, a dynamical system has a state given by a tuple of real numbers a vector that can be represented by a point in an appropriate state space a geometrical manifold. The evolution rule of the dynamical system is a function that describes what future states follow from the current state.
Often the function is deterministic, that is, for a given time interval only one future msturana follows from the current state. In physics, a dynamical system is described as a “particle or ensemble of particles w Meta-systems have several definitions. In general, they link the concepts “system” and “meta-“.