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30 Books and Letters by Jabir ben Hayan’ – A book on thirty messages in chemistry, astronomy, nature, philosophy, logic, and other topics, from Jabir Ibn Hayyan. In this book, which I managed to compile in a short time, the culture and science of Jaber ibn Hayyan founded the first Islamic school of thought in chemistry. His school Ottoman court and Urdu literature by the Mongolian court. The. We are going to start a series of information in Urdu and in English for Great Muslims Click Here for Detail about Jabir ibn Hayyan in Englsih.

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The identity of the author of works attributed to Jabir has long been discussed. This came from the elementary qualities which are theoretical in nature plus substance.

Retrieved 14 June lbn Islam’s Contribution to Science. Born in Tushe later traveled to Yemen and Kufa where he lived most of his life. This page was last edited on 31 Decemberat Holmyard had abandoned the idea of an Arabic original.

Le corpus des ecrits jabiriens. Retrieved 9 December Meri ; Jere L. Each Aristotelian element was composed of these qualities: In another uayyan al-Nadim reports that a group of philosophers claimed Jabir was one of their own members.

Because his works rarely made hayyah sense, the term gibberish is believed to have originally referred to his writings Hauck, p. In metals two of these qualities were interior and two were exterior.

The general impression they convey is that they are the product of an occidental rather than an oriental mind, and a likely guess would be that they were written by a European scholar, possibly in Moorish Spain.

This language of extracting the hidden nature formed an important lemma for the extensive corpus associated with the Persian alchemist Jabir ibn Hayyan as well. He began his career practicing medicine, under the patronage of a Vizir from the noble Persian family Barmakids of Caliph Harun al-Rashid.


These books were heavily influenced by Arabic books written by Jabir, the “real” Geber, and by Al Razi and others. These are not the elements that we know by those names, but certain principles to which those elements are the closest approximation in nature. But the general style of the works is too clear and systematic to find a close parallel in any of the known writings of the Jabirian corpus, and we look in vain in them for any references to the characteristically Jabirian ideas of “balance” and the alphabetic numerology.

Retrieved 26 June Geber seems to have been a client of the Azd tribe established in Kufa. The seeds of the modern classification of elements into metals and non-metals could be seen in his chemical nomenclature.

Jabir ibn Hayyan

As early as the 10th century, the identity and exact corpus of works of Jabir was in dispute in Islamic circles. After the Abbasids took power, Jabir went back to Kufa. Their assertions are rejected by al-Nadim. The question at once arises whether the Latin works are genuine translations from the Arabic, or written by a Latin author and, according to common practice, ascribed to Jabir in order to heighten their authority.

However, by AD when he Holmyard wrote Alchemy. He has been described as “the father of early chemistry”. Medicine in the medieval Islamic world.

The development of modern chemistry. Wikiquote has quotations related to: Kitab al-Kimya Kitab al-Sab’een Picatrix.

He invented an additive which, when applied to an iron surface, inhibited rust hayyyan when applied to a textile, would make it water repellent. Dent,p. For other people known as Geber, see Geber. Imamology in Ismaili Gnosis. Views Read Edit View history. It is therefore difficult at best for the modern reader to discern which aspects of Jabir’s work are to be read as ambiguous symbols, and what is to be taken literally. That they are based on Muslim alchemical theory and practice is not questioned, but the same may be said of most Latin treatises on alchemy of that period; and from various turns of phrase it seems jwbir that jbn author could read Arabic.


What Jabir meant by these recipes is unknown. His books strongly influenced the medieval European alchemists [39] and justified their search for the philosopher’s stone.

Inventions of Jābir ibn Hayyān in Urdu and English ~ Online Academy

Al-Hassan criticized Berthelot’s lack of familiarity with the complete Arabic corpus and pointed to various Arabic Jabirian manuscripts which already contain much of the theories and practices that Berthelot previously attributed to the Latin corpus. Names, Natures and Things.

Whether Jabir lived in the kbn century or not, his name would become the most famous in alchemy. It has been asserted that Jabir was a student of the sixth Imam Ja’far al-Sadiq and Harbi al-Himyari ; [6] [22] however, other scholars have questioned this theory. Jamil; Ragep, Sally P. The scope of the corpus is vast: Indeed for their age they have a remarkably un of fact air about them, theory being stated with a minimum of prolixity and much precise practical detail being given. Harbi al-Himyari Ja’far al-Sadiq.