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Ledinegg Instability. Figure 1: Sketch illustrating the Ledinegg instability. Two- phase flows can exhibit a range of instabilities. Usually, however, the instability is . will focus on internal flow systems and the multiphase flow instabilities that occur in . Ledinegg instability (Ledinegg ) which is depicted in figure This. Ledinegg instability In fluid dynamics, the Ledinegg instability occurs in two- phase flow, especially in a boiler tube, when the boiling boundary is within the tube.

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The Ledinegg-type instability is one such example occurring in boiling two-phase NC systems. The fundamental cause of this instability is that the hot liquid from the heater outlet experiences static pressure decrease as it flows up and may reach its saturation value in the riser causing it to vaporize.

A density-wave instability is the typical dynamic instability which may occur due to the multiple regenerative feedback between the flow rate, enthalpy, density, and pressure drop in the boiling system.

This was found to be a stable operation mode in which the flow was found to increase with onstability flux first and then decrease with increase in heat flux; and c periodic circulation B characterized by flow oscillations with continuous boiling inside the heater section i. This instability is driven by the interaction between the single and two-phase frictional component of pressure losses, mass flow, void formation, and propagation in the two-phase region.

Static instability can lead either to a different steady state or to a periodic behavior. If the quality is disturbed by a small amount, the void fraction with smaller drift velocity can have instabjlity fluctuation than the other due to larger slope of void fraction versus quality. In this case, the variable heat transfer coefficient leads to a variable thermal response of the heated wall that gets coupled with lsdinegg DWO. These may be classified into static and dynamic instabilities [Lahey andPodowski ].

We note that case 3 is unstable while case 4 is stable. Thus, as the boiling boundary moves up the tube, the total pressure drop falls, potentially increasing the flow in an unstable manner.

Ledinegg instability in microchannels — Arizona State University

Introduction Natural circulation NC systems are susceptible to several kinds of instabilities. The oscillatory mode during boiling inception can also be significantly affected by the presence of parallel channels.


The model was used to quantify the susceptibility of the system to the Ledinegg instability. This gives larger two-phase pressure drop due to large channel exit quality. Such switching is often accompanied by period doubling, tripling, or n-tupling.

In fluid dynamicsthe Ledinegg instability occurs in two-phase flowespecially in a boiler tubewhen the boiling boundary is within the tube. Similarly, any slight disturbance causing the flow rate to decrease will shift the operating point to B and then to point A.

Similar results were also reported by Park et al. For smaller riser height, lesser is the channel flow rate and larger is the channel exit quality for same heating power.

The large variations in the heat transfer coefficient and the surface temperature causes significant variation in the heat transfer rate to the fluid even if the wall heat generation rate is constant.

The hydraulic inertia of the loop I is given by. Heat Transfer Member feedback about Two-phase flow: Typical flow pattern transition instability in boiling natural circulation systems. Index of physics articles L topic The index of physics articles is split into multiple pages due to its size. However, with a relatively stiff system, the frequency of PDO can be comparable to DWO making it difficult to distinguish between the two. Based on the Analysis Method or Governing Equations Used In some cases, the occurrence of multiple solutions and the instability threshold itself can be predicted from the steady-state equations governing the process pure or fundamental static instability.

Indeed there is a voluminous literature on this subject [Lahey and Drew ].

Thus we find that the analysis to arrive at the instability threshold can be based on different sets of governing equations for different instabilities. This latter transfer function may be denoted, T s.

Ledinegg instability | Revolvy

eldinegg The occurrence of the instability depends on the perturbed pressure drop in the two-phase and single-phase regions of the system and the propagation time delay of the void fraction or density in the system. The effects of negative void reactivity feedback are found to stabilize the very low frequency type I instabilities [ 4344 ].

View at Google Scholar K. This depends on the relative importance of the respective components of pressure drop ledunegg as gravity or frictional losses in the system.


Examples of static instabilities include: Instability can also disturb control systems and cause operational problems in nuclear reactors. Instability due to boiling lefinegg usually disappears with increase in system pressure due to the strong influence of pressure on the void fraction and hence the density Figure 6.

Two-phase flow topic Different modes of two-phase flows. Different models of two-phase flow have been used for modelling these flow instabilities, which range from the simplest HEM to more rigorous two-fluid model. Computer codes developed considering more rigorous models such as RELAP5 are yet to be established for their applicability for simulation of stability in boiling NCS.

Usually, there exists a low-power and a high-power unstable zone for density wave instability in forced as well as NC two-phase flows Figure 3 a. These models are based on kinematic formulation which considers the problem of mechanical nonequilibrium between the phases by having a relationship between the quality and void fraction through superficial velocities of liquid and vapor phases, vapor drift velocity, and void distribution parameter.

Boiler tubes normally overcome this which is effectively a ‘negative resistance’ regime by incorporating a narrow orifice at the entry, to give a stabilising pressure drop on entry.

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According to him, geysering is expected during subcooled boiling when the slug bubble detaches from the surface and enters the riser where the water is instabikityledinegf bubble growth due to static-pressure decrease and condensation can take place.

While Ledinegg instability is known to be a problem in low pressure boiling systems, an increase of the system pressure, or an increase in the inlet orificing in the channel, can stabilize the system.

The static instabilities observed in their loop are due to the high heat flux and subcooled boiling occurring in the heated section, which are ideal for the cause ledineyg chugging-type instability. The Ledinegg-type instability decreases with an increase in pressure. The large increase in the flow rate causes the heated section to be filled with subcooled water suppressing the subcooled boiling, and reducing the driving force.